Almost a quarter of the world’s population experiences heart-related diseases and stroke. These unexpected diseases really alarm the World Health Organization and other health agencies that research and conduct studies regarding these diseases.
Heart diseases and stroke are the silent assassins in the modern generation. A healthy-looking individual may encounter having a heart attack or stroke in the future if they have an ancestral history of heart-risks related diseases. It is important to determine the difference between heart disease and stroke so that the individual will know the preventive actions and proper medications to take.
Medical Definition and Impact to Human Body
- What is a heart disease?
A heart disease is also referred interchangeably to cardiovascular diseases. Generally, these are heart-related problems in which an individual may experience through inherited and acquired sources such as heart attack, arrhythmia, dilated cardiomyopathy, infections, and more. For acquired heart-risks problems, these may root from the unhealthy lifestyle and abnormalities around the cardiovascular system. Sometimes, there are acquired diseases and poor lifestyle that may trigger heart attacks such as diabetes, atrial fibrillation, stress, fatigue, sleep disorders, and more.
The accumulation of the fatty deposits is the inception of getting a high-risk of heart-related disease. It occurs when the fatty deposits buildup in the artery walls causing the oxygenated blood to flow in a restricted manner. In this way, the blood vessels and heart muscles will be damaged due to the plaque buildup. As a result, the platelets will repair the affected muscles and vessels via blood clotting. However, this procedure will only make the situation worse because the blood clotting may release biochemicals when ruptured or damaged. Thereafter, the biochemical substances may spread on the areas of the cardiovascular system hence, a heart attack, angina, or other heart-related diseases may occur.
- What is a stroke?
A stroke is synonymous with a brain attack. In general, a stroke occurs when the oxygen and glucose supply to the brain and nerves were cut-off due to aneurysms, high blood pressure, cholesterol, or fatty deposits. Like a heart attack, blood vessels have also something to do with the stroke. When the blood vessels ruptured, they will release biochemical substances that may affect the brain and nerve cells at the same time, the limited supply of the oxygen and glucose will cause a stroke.
Generally, there were two types of stroke namely Hemorrhagic stroke and Ischemic stroke. The type of stroke will depend on the triggering factors that cause the brain attack.
Signs and Symptoms
- Determine the signs and symptoms of heart disease
Learnhow to determine the signs and symptoms associated with heart diseases to perform an immediate action and seek professional doctor’s advice and treatments. To have a general view of the signs and symptoms, here are the following:
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Chest Pain and Discomfort
- Soreness in the back, legs, arms, ankles, chest
- Rapid Palpitations and dizziness
- Shortness of breath
- Cold Sweating and Feel Physically Exhausted Easily
- Throat, Jaw, or Choking Problems
- Determine the signs and symptoms of stroke
Recognizing the signs and symptoms are important to determine your condition and seek expert physician’s advice regarding stroke-related diseases. To know more about the details, here are the following:
- Loss of Balance
- A severe Headache
- Sudden numbness of the arms, legs, or face
- Sudden speech difficulties
- Troubled Eyesight
Treatments and other medications
- How to treat a heart attack?
For people suffering heart attacks, there are several diagnostic treatments, medications, and surgeries available to remedy the disease. However, it is still depending on the degree of the heart-risks if the patient can still survive or not. Usually, the procedure will start on the blood test and ECG.
The doctors will conduct an initial test on the patient before they start prescribing medications and treatments. Thereafter, the patient will be examined fully to identify the root and cause of the heart attack. Next, the doctor will provide medications that may be used as anti-platelets or betablockers to relieve the stress of the patient and somehow, reduce the blocked plaque in the cardiovascular area. If the diagnostic treatments and medications were not effective, the patient may undergo surgical procedures. There were commonly two surgical procedures being performed on heart-related disease patients namely Coronary Angioplasty and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. The doctor will study the diagnostic tests and impact of the medications to the patient, thereafter, the doctor will advise the patient to have a surgery if necessary.
- How to treat a stroke?
There are several diagnostic tests being performed on a stroke than a myocardial infarction. You should find best hospitals here with expert doctors and surgeons that will perform the test, prescriptions, and treatments for you. The doctors need to determine the root cause of the stroke before providing medications or performing surgery. Generally, the patient will undergo several examinations as follows:
- Carotid Ultrasound
- Physical Examination
- CT Scan
- Blood Test
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Cerebral Angiogram
Afterward, the doctors will determine what type of stroke that affects the patient and what are the various treatments needed to remedy the stroke. Usually, the medical and diagnostic treatments may be in a form of injection, catheter procedure, angioplasty, carotid endarterectomy, and surgical operations.